Point of View / Homer Tribune / January 12, 2005
Unfortunately, eagle feeding has resumed on the Spit and in some neighborhoods. Last April a public opinion survey by Ivan Moore Research in Anchorage revealed 55% of Homer area respondents believed intentional feeding of wild Bald Eagles should be made unlawful, except by permit from wildlife agencies for research or other special circumstances. Only 37% thought feeding should remain legal. Up to 650 eagles have been counted locally!
There is a tremendous difference between feeding eagles, which are top predators and scavengers, and feeding Sandhill Cranes that primarily consume grain. Unlike eagles, cranes don't harass and kill waterfowl, loons, seabirds, sea otter pups, as well as small pets and poultry. Eagles, which have no natural predators, also pose a significant threat to cranes, which appear to be declining significantly here.
If feeding wild eagles is biologically sound, why has the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service issued press releases and publications requesting the public not to feed eagles? Practically all state and federal wildlife biologists and wildlife law enforcement personnel oppose eagle feeding. The number of biologists and pertinent organizations contacted that disapproves of intentional feeding of eagles has grown to more than 50 in eight states. These include the Audubon Society, Alaska Raptor Center, Alaska Bird Observatory, American Eagle Foundation, International Crane Foundation, Raptor Research Foundation, Eagle Institute, and Alaska Center for the Environment.
Though usually well intentioned, people baiting hungry eagles are also adversely affecting habituated eagles by attracting them into residential and industrial areas like the Spit where they are more likely to hit wires and other obstacles. Since 1988 over 700 known eagles statewide have been electrocuted. Hundreds of mortality reports divulged that some eagles have been trapped, shot, poisoned, and hit by vehicles.
A September 2004 Alaska Department of Transportation Wildlife Hazard Management Plan for the Homer Airport considers the artificial concentration of fed eagles, ravens, crows, and gulls on the Spit as a potential threat to aircraft. This report recommends monitoring unnatural food sources on the Homer Spit and states that "Food sources provide the strongest attractant for hazardous wildlife. These food sources attracted hazardous movements of bald eagles, ravens, crows, gulls, over the airport."
This comprehensive report also indicates that ravens and eagles use airport facilities as perches. Eagles are considered "one of the most hazardous species to aircraft" because of their size and propensity to roost on airport equipment. Department of Transportation and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service reports revealed aircraft strikes and near misses due to eagles. The possibility of a serious aircraft collision because of increasing numbers of eagles is another reason to not feed them.
Evidence clearly shows feeding predators like eagles alters their natural behavior, distribution, and abundance and adversely affects other wildlife. It is an aircraft threat and increases the probability of a serious avian disease outbreak on the Spit and other feeding sites where eagles and other scavengers concentrate. State law prohibits feeding bears, wolves, coyotes, and certain other predators. Bald Eagles should be added to this list.
Edgar Bailey, Wildlife Biologist
Editor's note: According to the Alaska Department of Fish and Game, feeding of game in the state is regulated by 5 ACC 92.230, which reads, "A person may not intentionally feed a moose (except under terms of a permit issued by the department), bear, wolf, coyote, fox, or wolverine, or negligently leave human food, pet food, or garbage in a manner that attracts these animals. However, this prohibition does not apply to use of bait for trapping furbearers or hunting black bears under 5 ACC 84-5 ACC 92."
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